Digital Identity and Citizenship
Nature or Nurture? A Search for the Institutional and Biological Determinants of Life Expectancy in Europe during the Early Modern Period
One of the major challenges for Western society today is to deal with the demographic balance between young and old. The increasingly aging population creates a number of problems which need to be dealt with urgently: how long can elderly work? And to what extent can they keep taking care of themselves? Can the current pension-model be sustained? To what extent can elderly rely on market and state for support? Are there other possible support models? To arrive at a new balance, it is imperative to understand the underlying mechanisms that led to today’s situation. This project looks at this ‘elderly puzzle’, and does so from a long-term perspective on the biological, institutional, and life-cycle factors that have led to the present-day outcome.